FAQs about CLAT
1. What does CLAT mean?
CLAT stands for Common Law Admission Test. It is an entrance exam conducted all over India for admission into various law courses in participating law schools.
2. When did CLAT start?
CLAT exam was started in 2008, before that each law school conducted there own entrance exam.
3. Which all Law Schools participate in CLAT?
The following law schools participated in CLAT 2008
- National Law School of India University, Bangalore
- NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
- National Law Institute University, Bhopal
- The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
- National Law University, Jodhpur
- Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur
- Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
CLAT 2009 saw four more law schools joining in:
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab
- Chanakya National Law University, Patna
- National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
4. Who conducts CLAT?
Common Law Admission Test is conducted every year by each of the National Law Schools on rotation in order of their seniority. The NLSIU, Bangalore, the oldest of the National Law Schools conducted the admission test for the academic year 2008-09.
5. What is the Pattern for CLAT?
CLAT consists of 200 objective questions for 200 marks. The pattern of question paper is:
English including Comprehension: 40 Marks
General Knowledge/Current Affairs: 50 Marks
Elementary Mathematics: 20 Marks (Numerical ability)
Legal Aptitude: 45 Marks
Logical Reasoning: 45 Marks
6. Am I eligible for CLAT?
To be eligible for taking Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), a candidate should have passed Higher Secondary School / Intermediate Examination (10+2) or its equivalent examination. The minimum required percentage is:
General Candidates: 50% marks in aggregate
SC/ST/ OBC* and Persons with Disability*: 45%
Age Limit: The maximum age of the candidate as on July 01 of the year of CLAT Exam should be:
General Candidates: 20 years
SC/ST/ OBC* and Persons with Disability*: 22 years
7. How to apply for CLAT?
These are three methods for obtaining CLAT application form which are available in January every year:
- 1) Printed application forms along with the brochure will be available at the designated breaches of the Indian Bank and State Bank of India.
- 2) Request for applications may be sent to the convener, CLAT along with a demand draft.
- 3) Applications can also be downloaded from www.clat.ac.in. The downloaded application along with the DD and other enclosures should be sent to the convener, CLAT.
8. How many seats are available in law schools participating in CLAT?
- National Law School of India University, Bangalore (80)
- NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad (80)
- National Law Institute University, Bhopal (98)
- The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (127)
- National Law University, Jodhpur (100)
- Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (151)
- Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (165)
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (160)
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab (120)
- Chanakya National Law University, Patna (130)
- National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (80)
9. How should I prepare for CLAT?
You should read some good books for all related subjects and keep in touch with day to day news to prepare for the CLAT test. Check out our yesteryear's papers to get an idea about the exams.
10. Where to contact for details about CLAT?
If you have a query about CLAT you may contact the official source:
Official Website: www.clat.ac.in
A law degree can open the door to a wide variety of careers. Lawyers play an important role in society through the practice of law, which encompasses a multitude of activities. A strong education in law school also provides the ability to pursue employment opportunities outside of the legal profession in areas such as politics and business.
Types of Legal Practice
The practice of law takes several forms. The ways in which lawyers apply their expertise can be broadly categorized into the following practice types:
- Private Practice: involves working alone or with partners in a firm to provide legal services to clients (individuals or corporations); some lawyers specialize in one or more practice areas while others engage in general practice.
- Public Interest Law: serves low-income individuals, marginalized groups and social causes; practitioners may work for advocacy groups, legal aid clinics and other organizations with the goal of advancing an interest of the public.
- Government Counsel: governments hire lawyers for legal advice and representation; lawyers directly employed by the government may work for ministries, government agencies and crown corporations.
- Corporate Counsel: corporations can employ lawyers as in-house counsel; an in-house counsel works for a single company to advise on legal matters related to its business activities.
Practice Areas (Specializations)
The law impacts our lives in numerous ways, so naturally the legal profession covers many fields and allows for a variety of law careers. There are many types of lawyers - some practice in all areas of the law, while others choose to specialize. Here are some areas of specialization in law:
- Administrative: branch of public law dealing with the relationship between individuals and the government; regulates the power of governmental administrative agencies and ensures fair implementation and administration of laws.
- Civil Litigation:involves a lawsuit resulting from a dispute between private parties (individuals or corporations); civil litigation is concerned with matters such as breach of contract, debt collection, malpractice and personal injury.
- Constitutional:branch of public law dealing with powers of the federal government and the division of powers between the federal and provincial governments; constitutional lawyers handle issues such as equality rights, freedom of expression, security and democratic governance.
- Corporate and Commercial: deals with the formation and maintenance of businesses; corporate and commercial lawyers handle contracts, liability, mergers, structured financings and other business matters.
- Criminal:governs crimes against the public and members of the public (as opposed to civil litigation which deals with private disputes); a criminal lawyer may work for the government as a prosecutor or represent the accused person as a defense lawyer.
- Environmental:legislation and regulations relating to the interaction of humans with the environment; environmental lawyers deal with matters such as air pollution, wilderness preservation and waste disposal.
- Family: applies to legal relationships between family members; issues in family law include marriage contracts, divorce, child custody, adoption, wills and estate planning.
- Immigration: federal laws control the entry of non-citizens into the country; immigration lawyers assist clients in applying for entry, residing in the country and becoming citizens.
- Intellectual Property: intellectual property refers to the ownership rights to certain kinds of creative endeavors; intellectual property law protects ownership through copyrights, patents, trademarks and industrial design registrations.
- International: governs the interactions and relationships between nations; international lawyers may be hired by national governments and international organizations, or work in the private sector focusing on the interpretation of treaties and related laws.
- Labor and Employment: defines the rights and obligations of employers, workers and union members; lawyers may advise management, labor or government on issues such as employment standards, workplace health and safety, and industrial relations.
- Real Estate: deals with the purchase, sale, financing and development of land and buildings; real estate lawyers may work for developers, tenants, investors, banks or corporations on matters relating to residential or commercial real estate.
- Securities: regulates the purchase and sale of securities (financial instruments such as stocks and bonds); securities lawyers typically work in law firms providing services to corporations and financial institutions or for governmental commissions focusing on regulatory compliance.
- Tax: deals with the taxes levied by different levels of government; tax lawyers may advise corporations on tax strategies and implications of business transactions, or counsel individuals on matters such as legal wills and estate planning.
- Other Areas: in addition to the practice areas list above, there are many other fields of specialization in the legal profession (antitrust, entertainment, health, municipal, sports, etc.).
Other Career Opportunities
The skills required for a law career can also be successfully employed in other professions. Law school education is very versatile and some students decide to pursue alternative careers upon graduation. Even lawyers who have been practicing for several years sometimes transition into other careers.
A law degree can enable entry into many careers outside of the legal profession, including the following:
- Civil Service
- Policy Analysis
- Social Work